Investment : Definition and Overview

Investing in the stock market is a complex business. If you want to invest, you need to understand exactly what it means. Even though investing in the stock market is usually considered risky, the stock market is not only one of the best ways to win money, but also one of the most widely used ways to make a return on an investment. However, it is important to follow some basic rules detailed in this article in order to get the most out of your investment.

What is investing?

Investing in the stock market consists of allocating resources, usually money, on the financial markets in the hope that it will increase in value in the future. The best known markets are located in New York (Nasdaq, NYSE), Paris (Euronext Paris), or London (London Stock Exchange). Of course, there are many others. These marketplaces, or stock exchanges, are places where stocks, bonds, funds and other financial instruments are traded. This is where issuers (e.g. companies or governments) bait investors.
The main function of a marketplace is to provide a fair, structured and efficient trading opportunity by bringing together the buying and selling of a certain type of asset.

In general, investors do not deal directly with the stock market, but go through a broker.

The areas in which it is possible to invest are numerous and diverse: real estate, technologies, art, raw materials, wine… However, the majority of investors bet on financial instruments such as stocks, bonds, or investment funds, which offer better liquidity.

Why start investing?

  • Investing is easy and accessible to everyone

Contrary to popular belief, you don’t have to spend hours behind your screen studying charts and analyzing numbers to invest in the stock market. Indeed, you can devote little time to it and you can start with a small sum. In addition, you can withdraw your money or invest more at any time.

  • Investing pays off

This is the main reason to start investing in the stock market. You have the opportunity to make your capital grow by investing correctly. But be careful, for this it is important to set up an investment strategy.

  • Investing to support companies

This is probably not the number one reason to start investing, but it is a rather pleasant result. Besides, it is possible to invest responsibly by supporting companies with a positive impact on the ecology.

Some advice

Get information on the realities of the stock market

In order to invest in the stock market, it is preferable to have a good knowledge of the stock market and the securities listed on it. If you are a beginner in this field, there are obviously ways to learn about the stock market.

Take advantage of the support of a broker

To take advantage of a quality accompaniment it is interesting to turn to a stockbroker. It is the broker who is in charge of communicating your orders on the stock markets. It will nevertheless be necessary to make a choice according to your criteria, since all the brokers do not present the same qualities.

Diversify investments

As part of good risk management, it is best to diversify your investments, sometimes even within the same industry. Portfolio diversification can significantly reduce the risk of loss without sacrificing profitability. ETFs are an excellent way to diversify your portfolio. Similarly, it is best to avoid investing in a single geographic area. The ideal for your portfolio is to be globally diversified.

Different strategies can be followed to invest in ETFs, the Market-Signals site proposes several depending on the level of risk.

Remain patient and calm

The stock market is a very active sector that can sometimes be risky. To make the most of your investment, you must be patient, calm and persevering. You should not give up at the first difficulty, on the contrary you should find ways to get around them.